One of the central components of the counterinsurgency was the systematic slaughter of unarmed civilians. The CEH uses the category massacre to document these brutal collective killings, defining them as “arbitrary executions of more than five people, realized at the same place and as part of the same operative, when the victims were in a state of absolute or relative defenselessness” (3058)5.
This map shows the density of massacres committed by state forces during the thirty-six years of conflict superimposed over the ethno-linguistic map of Guatemala. One of the zones of greatest intensity overlaps with the territory of the Ixil Maya people.
Massacres committed by state security forces, 1960–1996.
The CEH documented 626 cases of massacres committed by state forces across Guatemala (3064)6.
Source: CEH Database